Wednesday, March 20, 2013

1303.4667 (The KamLAND Collaboration)

Reactor On-Off Antineutrino Measurement with KamLAND    [PDF]

The KamLAND Collaboration
The recent long-term shutdown of Japanese nuclear reactors has resulted in a significantly reduced reactor $\bar{nu}_{e}$ flux at KamLAND. This running condition provides a unique opportunity to confirm and constrain backgrounds for the reactor $\bar{nu}_{e}$ oscillation analysis. The data set also has improved sensitivity for other $\bar{nu}_{e}$ signals, in particular $\bar{nu}_{e}$'s produced in $\beta$-decays from $^{238}$U and $^{232}$Th within the Earth's interior, whose energy spectrum overlaps with that of reactor $\bar{nu}_{e}$'s. Including constraints on $\theta_{13}$ from accelerator and short-baseline reactor neutrino experiments, a combined three-flavor analysis of solar and KamLAND data gives fit values for the oscillation parameters of $tan^{2} \theta_{12} = 0.436^{+0.029}_{-0.025}$, $\Delta m^{2}_{21} = 7.53^{+0.18}_{-0.18} \times 10^{-5} {eV}^{2}$, and $sin^{2} \theta_{13} = 0.023^{+0.002}_{-0.002}$. Assuming a chondritic Th/U mass ratio, we obtain $116^{+28}_{-27}$ $\bar{nu}_{e}$ events from $^{238}$U and $^{232}$Th, corresponding to a geo $\bar{nu}_{e}$ flux of $3.4^{+0.8}_{-0.8} \times 10^{6} {cm^{-2}s^{-1}}$ at the KamLAND location. We evaluate various bulk silicate Earth composition models using the observed geo $\bar{nu}_{e}$ rate.
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