Friday, May 3, 2013

1305.0370 (Kai Wen et al.)

Non-Gaussian Fluctuation and Non-Markovian Effect in the Nuclear Fusion
Process: Langevin Dynamics Emerging from Quantum Molecular Dynamics

Kai Wen, Fumihiko Sakata, Zhu-Xia Li, Xi-Zhen Wu, Ying-Xun Zhang, Shan-Gui Zhou
Macroscopic parameters as well as precise information on the random force characterizing the Langevin type description of the nuclear fusion process are extracted from the microscopic dynamics of individual nucleons by exploiting the numerical simulation of the improved quantum molecular dynamics. It turns out that the dissipation dynamics of the relative motion between two fusing nuclei is caused by a non-Gaussian distribution of the random force. We find that the friction coefficient as well as the time correlation function of the random force takes particularly large values in a region a little bit inside of the Coulomb barrier. A clear non-Markovian effect is observed in the time correlation function of the random force. It is further shown that an emergent dynamics of the fusion process can be described by the generalized Langevin equation with memory effects by appropriately incorporating the microscopic information of individual nucleons through the random force and its time correlation function.
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