Wednesday, May 22, 2013

1305.4871 (C. Rappold et al.)

Hypernuclear spectroscopy of products from 6Li projectiles on a carbon
target at 2 AGeV

C. Rappold, E. Kim, D. Nakajima, T. R. Saito, O. Bertini, S. Bianchin, V. Bozkurt, M. Kavatsyuk, Y. Ma, F. Maas, S. Minami, B. Özel-Tashenov, K. Yoshida, P. Achenbach, S. Ajimura, T. Aumann, C. Ayerbe Gayoso, H. C. Bhang, C. Caesar, S. Erturk, T. Fukuda, B. Göküzüm, E. Guliev, T. Hiraiwa, J. Hoffmann, G. Ickert, Z. S. Ketenci, D. Khaneft, M. Kim, S. Kim, K. Koch, N. Kurz, A. Le Fèvre, Y. Mizoi, M. Moritsu, T. Nagae, L. Nungesser, A. Okamura, W. Ott, J. Pochodzalla, A. Sakaguchi, M. Sako, C. J. Schmidt, M. Sekimoto, H. Simon, H. Sugimura, T. Takahashi, G. J. Tambave, H. Tamura, W. Trautmann, S. Voltz, N. Yokota, C. J. Yoon
A novel experiment, aiming at demonstrating the feasibility of hypernuclear spectroscopy with heavy-ion beams, was conducted. Using the invariant mass method, the spectroscopy of hypernuclear products of 6Li projectiles on a carbon target at 2 AGeV was performed. Signals of the \Lambda-hyperon and 3\Lambda H and 4\Lambda H hypernuclei were observed for final states of p+\pi^-, 3He+\pi^- and 4He+\pi^-, respectively, with significance values of 6.7, 4.7 and 4.9\sigma. By analyzing the proper decay time from secondary vertex distribution with the unbinned maximum likelihood fitting method, their lifetime values were deduced to be $262 ^{+56}_{-43} \pm 45$ ps for \Lambda, $183 ^{+42}_{-32} \pm 37$ ps for 3\Lambda H, and $140 ^{+48}_{-33}\pm 35 $ ps for 4\Lambda H.
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