## Glauber gluons in pion-induced Drell-Yan processes    [PDF]

Chun-peng Chang, Hsiang-nan Li
We point out that the existence of Glauber gluons in the $k_T$ factorization theorem can account for the violation of the Lam-Tung relation, namely, the anomalous lepton angular distribution, observed in pion-induced Drell-Yan processes. Radiations, that balance the lepton-pair transverse momentum, cause the responsible spin-transverse-momentum correlation in the Glauber-gluon background. It is argued that the Glauber effect is significant in the pion due to its unique role of being a Nambu-Goldstone boson and a $q\bar q$ bound state simultaneously. This mechanism is compared to other resolutions in the literature by means of vacuum effects and Boer-Mulders functions. We propose to discriminate the above resolutions by measuring the $p\bar p$ Drell-Yan process at GSI and J-PARC.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1305.4694