Tuesday, March 12, 2013

1303.2160 (R. Gilman et al.)

Studying the Proton "Radius" Puzzle with μp Elastic Scattering    [PDF]

R. Gilman, E. J. Downie, G. Ron, A. Afanasev, J. Arrington, O. Ates, F. Benmokhtar, J. Bernauer, E. Brash, W. J. Briscoe, K. Deiters, J. Diefenbach, C. Djalali, B. Dongwi, L. El Fassi, S. Gilad, K. Gnanvo, R. Gothe, K. Hafidi, D. Higinbotham, R. Holt, Y. Ilieva, H. Jiang, M. Kohl, G. Kumbartzki, J. Lichtenstadt, A. Liyanage, N. Liyanage, M. Meziane, Z. -E. Meziani, D. Middleton, P. Monaghan, K. E. Myers, C. Perdrisat, E. Piasetzsky, V. Punjabi, R. Ransome, D. Reggiani, P. Reimer, A. Richter, A. Sarty, E. Schulte, Y. Shamai, N. Sparveris, S. Strauch, V. Sulkosky, A. S. Tadepalli, M. Taragin, L. Weinstein
The Proton Radius Puzzle is the inconsistency between the proton radius determined from muonic hydrogen and the proton radius determined from atomic hydrogen level transitions and ep elastic scattering. No generally accepted resolution to the Puzzle has been found. Possible solutions generally fall into one of three categories: the two radii are different due to novel beyond-standard-model physics, the two radii are different due to novel aspects of nucleon structure, and the two radii are the same, but there are underestimated uncertainties or other issues in the ep experiments. The MUon proton Scattering Experiment (MUSE) at the Paul Scherrer Institut is a simultaneous measurement of \mu^+ p and e^+ p elastic scattering, as well as \mu^- p and e^- p elastic scattering, which will allow a determination of the consistency of the \mu p and the ep interactions. The differences between + and - charge scattering are sensitive to two-photon exchange effects, higher-order corrections to the scattering process. The slopes of the cross sections as Q^2 -> 0 determine the proton "radius". We plan to measure relative cross sections at a typical level of a few tenths of a percent, which should allow the proton radius to be determined at the level of ~0.01 fm, similar to previous ep measurements. The measurements will test several possible explanations of the proton radius puzzle, including some models of beyond-standard-model physics, some models of novel hadronic physics, and some issues in the radius extraction from scattering data.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1303.2160

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