Tuesday, June 25, 2013

1306.5455 (D. J. Salvat et al.)

Investigating solid $α-^{15}$N$_{2}$ as a new source of ultra-cold

D. J. Salvat, E. Gutsmiedl, C. -Y. Liu, P. Geltenbort, A. Orecchini, S. Paul, H. Schober
The dynamical structure factor of solid $^{15}$N$_{2}$ in the $\alpha$ phase ($T<35$K) is measured at the IN4 time-of-flight spectrometer at the Institut Laue Langevin, and the potential performance of this substance as a UCN converter is assessed. The cross-section to down-scatter neutrons to ultra-cold neutron energies is determined as a function of incident energy, as well as the up-scattering mean free path. The UCN production cross-section is found to be approximately 20% of that of deuterium. However, UCN with energy 181 neV have an up-scattering mean free path of 46 cm at $T=5.9$ K, which is $\sim20$ times larger than deuterium. Therefore, a large volume $\alpha-^{15}$N$_{2}$ source may produce an improved UCN density if sufficient isotopic purity can be achieved.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1306.5455

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