Monday, May 27, 2013

1305.5749 (Z. M. Niu et al.)

Nuclear effective charge factor originating from covariant density
functional theory

Z. M. Niu, Q. Liu, Y. F. Niu, W. H. Long, J. Y. Guo
Guiding by the relativistic local density approximation, we explore a phenomenological formula for the coupling strength of Coulomb field to take into account the Coulomb exchange term effectively in the relativistic Hartree approximation. Its validity in finite nuclei is examined by comparing with the exact treatment of the Coulomb exchange energies in the relativistic Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach. It is found that the exact Coulomb exchange energies can be reproduced by employing the phenomenological formula with the relative deviations less than 1% for semi-magic Ca, Ni, Sn, and Pb isotopes. Furthermore, we check the applicability of the phenomenological formula for the effective interactions in the relativistic Hartree approach by investigating the binding energy differences of mirror nuclei.
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