Tuesday, April 30, 2013

1304.7356 (Xi Yuan et al.)

Neutron Energy Spectrum Measurements with a Compact Liquid Scintillation
Detector on EAST

Xi Yuan, Xing Zhang, Xufei Xie, G. Gorini, Zhongjing Chen, Xingyu Peng, Jinxiang Chen, Guohui Zhang, Tieshuan Fan, Guoqiang Zhong, Liqun Hu, Baonian Wan
A neutron detector based on EJ301 liquid scintillator has been employed at EAST to measure the neutron energy spectrum for D-D fusion plasma. The detector was carefully characterized in different quasi-monoenergetic neutron fields generated by a 4.5 MV Van de Graaff accelerator. In recent experimental campaigns, due to the low neutron yield at EAST, a new shielding device was designed and located as close as possible to the tokamak to enhance the count rate of the spectrometer. The fluence of neutrons and gamma-rays was measured with the liquid neutron spectrometer and was consistent with 3He proportional counter and NaI (Tl) gamma-ray spectrometer measurements. Plasma ion temperature values were deduced from the neutron spectrum in discharges with lower hybrid wave injection and ion cyclotron resonance heating. Scattered neutron spectra were simulated by the Monte Carlo transport Code, and they were well verified by the pulse height measurements at low energies.
View original: http://arxiv.org/abs/1304.7356

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